The bioanthropological examination of burned skeletal remains is troublesome because these tend to be drastically affected by heat-induced changes (e.g. dimensional changes, warping, fractures). This often impairs the adoption of conventional bioanthropological techniques used to assess the biological profile, to achieve positive identification and recognition of perimortem events. The objective of HOT is to improve our understanding of heat-induced changes in bone and improve analytical methods that are specific to burned skeletal remains. In order to do that, research is being carried out on skeletons from the CEI/XXI collection that are being partially burned under laboratorial conditions.